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й й ʯīϩ ʯīϩ

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ʯīϩ

ʯīϩ(graphene)һֶά̼ϣǵʯīϩ˫ʯīϩٲʯīϩͳơʯīϩһֱΪǼԵĽṹ޷ȶڣֱ2004꣬Ӣ˹Τ¹1946ֻѧҰҡķͿ˹̹ŵФ򣬳ɹʯīзʯīϩ֤ʵԵڣҲ˹ͬ2010ŵѧ

ʯīϩ
Ĵʯīϩй˾ȫ𣡡²֮֮·ںη

Ĵʯīϩй˾ȫ𣡡²֮֮·ںη

ʯīϩ񣬸Τ¹1946ֻʯīϩӦõžͲϳǵҰ֮Сڿлý£ʯīϩƺѾΪܵijϡΪֵ...[鿴ȫ]

ʯīϩʲô

һʯīϩ

ʯīϩǴʯīаɵ̼ԭӾӹӻγɵķ䳲״ά壬Ƚ0.335nmֽIJϣҲǿ͵IJϣǿȱõĸֲĻҪ200ͬʱҲкܺõĵԣܴﵽߴ20%

ʯīϩǴʯīаĶά̼ϣ̼ԭӲɷΪʯīϩʯīϩʯīϩ΢Ƭеʯīϩָ̼ԭӽڶάƽǷ䳲ṹйɵϸ񵥲̼ϣһû϶ֲİ뵼壬ڵӿھƶ赥ʯīϩdzõĵԡ

йʯīϩҵս˱׼ʯīϩָһ̼ԭӹɵĶά̼ϡʯīϩɲ10ĵʯīϩԽܶѻɡʯīϩϷָʯīϩصġ10̼ԭӲĶά̼ϡ

ʯīϩǿۡеǿȺãDZ;Ϳ㡢͸۵ԪȡʯīϩĿǰӲԼõ̼ԭײϣΪǵ߸δһս˲ϣ˵20ǵͣô21Ϳܻʯīϩ͡ʯīϩӵмǿ硢ȵܣδӦdz㷺Ҳȫ߶ȹע

ʯīϩ

ʯīϩ̼ԭӾɹۼӣۼļԱȽϸߵģڷӼȣۼױƻʯīϩĽṹʵһмC-CǿҪڽʯĵҲԴѧĽǶȿʯīϩ۵Ϊ3850ңʯ۵Ϊ3550ңԷ֣ʯīϩȽʯȶ

2

ʯīϩеӵ˶ٶȴﵽ˹ٵ1/300ԶԶ˵һ㵼е˶ٶȡʹʯīϩеĵӵʺԵ΢ӷdzơ

ʯīϩĵʯīϩԭӾƬӶƶڹ۵ȶԣʯīϩijλ̼ԭӵȱʧԭ滻֤˴мԣƶʱܵȱݵĸţԸٴʯīϩųǿĵԡ

3͸벻͸

ʯīϩǵƬ״̬ģȻܴ͸̼ԭӺˣǣԴ͸̼ԭӺ֮ĹĿռ䣬ԣʯīϩһ͸ʣʯīϩӲһʱ̼ԭӺ򣬹״͸еļ϶͸״̬

ֻеԭӺȣʯīϩ൱IJ͸ȣմԼ2.3%Ŀɼ⡣ҲʯīϩغԵ֡

ʯīϩ֮ӲΪ̼ԭӻƺ˵ֻ̼ԭӺ˵ľϴź˶ţ̼ԭӺ᷽ûƺ˵ӵģ˵ʯīϩĻеĶԭӺˣⲿײײIJƺ˵ӶֱײԭӺϣԣʯīϩʾķdzӲ

 

ʯīϩʲô

ʯīϩƱ

һе뷨

ͨʩƻʯīIJ䷶»Ӷʯīֱ˺Ƭ㼴Ϊʯīϩ߽ʯīһֹĦҲ԰ʯīϩͨеַƱʯīϡṹȽDz͡ķѴ󡣴ַ״֤ʯīϩȶڣΪ 2010ŵѧĻɡ

ܼ뷨

ʯīɢлܼУһǿȵijƻʯīķ»Էܼӿ뵽ʯīУȻǿҵij·ͣʵʯīİ롣ַʯīϩʯīϩȱݣһʵֹģڵӦáҪлܼѡһľԣʹijЩϲϵƱܵƣʹ䲻ܹ㷺Ӧڻѧ

ַǽͨļȼ 1000棬ȻѸٽӶԼʮʯīϩַƱʯīϩߡ죬һʵִģƱͬʱַƱɱߣȽϸӣظԱȽѣЩȱ˴ַĹ㷺Ӧá

ġ̼

ַǼȵ̼裬ӶڵϷֽʯīϩƬһַַõĵ˫ʯīϩȽϺãṹȽƱҪȽϸߣʵֹģƱҲ׵õȵĤ㡣

塢ʯīϩԭ

ַĻǣƱʯīϩȻʯīϩһԭ±ԭΪʯīϩʯīϩƱԭʯīǿǿĹͬγʯī仯˲仯ڹǿ·Ӧˮõʯīʯīͨû߳ʱƻӼתΪʯīϩ

ʯīϩʯīϩһʯīϩĽṹֻͬڱԼԵдţǻȻԼʻЩŵʯīϩˮԣƱʯīϩϲϷҪáʯīϩڳӻǷӣͨĹչ̼ȿԵõĸϲϡ

 

ʯīϩӦ

綯ȱһ ʯīϩδϣ

綯ȱһ ʯīϩδϣ

˵ȼͳҪǷǵ綯ҪķǵĪĿǰгϳĵ綯أֱ﮵ءԪ﮵غ﮵أֵظȱ...[鿴ȫ]

ʯīϩΣֻʮ̵

ʯīϩΣֻʮ̵

ȫ沿ʶ˹ܵȵȣЩijƺǿֻϵһʵǸͷѡ1ȫʶĻ2017ȫ...[鿴ȫ]

ҹʯīϩĤҵ״չƽ

ҹʯīϩĤҵ״չƽ

һʯīϩĤʯīϩ(graphene)ڽṹء졢оֵߡӦԶܹעʯīϩǺзḻŵʯīϩ...[鿴ȫ]

ʯīϩʲô ʯīϩж

ʯīϩʲô ʯīϩж

һʯīϩ顡ʯīϩɵ̼ԭӾӹӻγɵķ䳲״ά壬ȽΪ0.335nm 2004 걻ʯīаֳ֡Ϊʯī̼...[鿴ȫ]

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